Young girls can be notoriously mean to each other, from spreading malicious rumors to gossiping to shunning others socially. And the long term consequences of such "mean girl" behavior can have impacts into adulthood. Verbal and social aggression can be just as damaging as physical bullying.
Annie Murray-Close is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Vermont who researches the ways young girls show aggression towards each other.
She spoke with VPR’s Jane Lindholm about how girls can better cope and control their reactions to aggression.